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Low Bid Does Not Always Get the Award: Bidder Preference Laws

Gain an understanding of bidder preference laws necessary to navigate the evolving world of public works bidding.

The public policy of awarding a public works contract to the lowest, responsible, and responsive bidder is to provide a level playing field for all qualified contractors, to promote competition, to conserve public funds, and to avoid corruption. Other standards of award have similar public policies. Despite these public policies, meeting the standard of award may not be enough to win the award of a public works contract due to the widespread enactment of bidder preference laws. Bidder preference laws give certain classes of bidders a competitive advantage over other classes of bidders for reasons not tied to performance of the contract being bid. The federal government, almost every state government, and many local governments have enacted a large number of bidder preference laws to promote non-performance-based causes that often appeal to voters. Bidder preference laws are by nature discriminatory. They favor one or more classes of bidders over other classes of bidders for non-performance-based reasons. In addition, some local governments have exceeded their statutory authority in enacting bidder preference laws. As a result, bidder preference laws are subject to constitutional and statutory limitations that may result in legal challenges. Understanding the conflicting public policies behind standards of award and bidder preference laws and the limitations imposed by law could affect the awards of billions of dollars of public works projects annually and the rights of those who bid such projects. This material will provide you with knowledge of the conflicting policies behind standards of award and bidder preference laws, the different types of bidder preference laws, and the legality of bidder preference laws. This information is critical to anyone whose rights may be affected by bidder preference laws.

Learning Objectives

  • You will be able to describe what makes a particular law a bidder preference law.
  • You will be able to identify different types of bidder preference statutes.
  • You will be able to recognize when a bidder preference law has exceeded the constitutional and statutory authority.
  • You will be able to review the legal issues relating to bidder preference statutes.

88 minutes
Course Exam
Certificate of Completion
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Over 34 years and 1.4 million customers worth of experience providing continuing education. Our passion is providing you world-class training to help you succeed in business and as a professional.

Agenda

Introduction

  • What Is a Preference Law?
  • Public Policies of Preference Laws
  • Preferences in Private Contracting
  • Preferences in Public Contracting

Standards of Award

  • In General
  • Most Qualified Bidder With Reasonable Price
  • Lowest, Responsible, Responsive Bidder
  • Most Advantageous to Public
  • Public Policies of Standards of Award
  • Exceptions

Types of Preferences

  • Employment
  • Procurement
  • Bidder Status

Types of Preference Laws

  • Absolute
  • Allowance
  • First of Refusal
  • Tiebreaker
  • Reciprocal
  • Hybrid

Limitations on Bidder Preference Laws

  • Constitutional Limitations
  • Statutory Limitations
  • Policy Limitations

Conclusion

  • Questions and Answers
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Why Lorman?

Over 34 years and 1.4 million customers worth of experience providing continuing education. Our passion is providing you world-class training to help you succeed in business and as a professional.

Credits

OnDemand Course

Applications have not yet been submitted for Delaware, Idaho, Kentucky, Maine, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Wyoming CLE for this course. However, if you are interested in obtaining CLE for any of the listed states or have any additional credit questions please email us at [email protected] or call us at 866-352-9540.

This course was last revised on April 8, 2021.

Call 1-866-352-9540 for further credit information.

  • AIA 1.25
     
  • Lorman Education Services is a registered provider of AIA-approved continuing education under Provider Number J2016. This course is approved for 1.25 Learning Unit hour(s). Prerequisite: None, Program Level: Intermediate: Advanced Preparation: None All registered AIA CES Providers must comply with the AIA Standards for Continuing Education Programs. Any questions or concerns about this provider or this learning program may be sent to AIA CES ([email protected] or (800) AIA 3837, Option 3). This learning program is registered with AIA CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. AIA continuing education credit has been reviewed and approved by AIA CES. Learners must complete the entire learning program to receive continuing education credit. AIA continuing education Learning Units earned upon completion of this course will be reported to AIA CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request.
     
  • AK CLE 1.5
     
  • Alaska attorneys may receive 1.5 hours of continuing legal education for completing this program. Please contact the Alaska Bar Association or go to www.alaskabar.org for details regarding reciprocity with other states.
     
  • AL CLE 1.5
     
  • This course or a portion thereof has been approved by the Alabama State Mandatory Continuing Legal Education Commission for a maximum of 1.5 hours credit.
     
  • AR CLE 1.5
     
  • This course has been approved for 1.5 hours of CLE by the Arkansas CLE Board.
     
  • Arizona CLE 1.5
     
  • The Arizona State Bar does not pre-approve or pre-certify MCLE programs. However, records of this program and attendance will be maintained by Lorman Education Services for auditing purposes. This activity may qualify for up to 1.5 hours toward your annual CLE requirement for the State Bar of Arizona.
     
  • CA MCLE 1.5
     
  • Lorman Business Center, LLC. is a State Bar of California approved MCLE sponsor and this course qualifies for 1.5 CLE hours of participatory credit.
     
  • CT CLE 1.0
     
  • Neither the Connecticut Judicial Branch nor the Commission on Minimum Continuing Legal Education approve or accredit CLE providers or activities. This course has been approved for CLE credit in jurisdictions aside from CT and therefore it automatically meets the content and delivery requirements in Connecticut. Credit is based on a 60 minute credit hour and shall be awarded as follows: 1.0 CLE credit(s).
     
  • HI CLE 1.25
     
  • This program was approved by the Hawaii State Board of Continuing Legal Education for 1.25 CLE credit hours.
     
  • IL CLE 1.25
     
  • This course was approved for a total of 1.25 hours of MCLE Credit by the Illinois MCLE Board.
     
  • ND CLE 1.5
     
  • North Dakota CLE policy does not allow for pre-approval of any self-study courses. This course may qualify for up to 1.5 hours of CLE credit.
     
  • NH MCLE 1.4
     
  • NH MCLE does not approve or accredit CLE activities for the NH Minimum CLE requirement. Lorman Education Services believes this Ondemand course meets the requirement of NH Supreme Court Rule 53 and may qualify for CLE credit(s). Program Length: 88 Minutes.
     
  • NJ CLE 1.8
     
  • This program has been approved by the Board on Continuing Legal Education of the Supreme Court of New Jersey for 1.8 hours of total CLE credit.
     
  • PA CLE 1.0
     
  • This Distance Learning program has been approved by the Pennsylvania Continuing Legal Education Board for 1.0 hours of substantive law, practice and procedure CLE credit.
     
  • RI CLE 1.5
     
  • This program has been approved by the Rhode Island Mandatory Continuing Legal Education Commission for 1.5 hours of CLE credit.
     
  • VT CLE 1.5
     
  • This self-study program has been approved by the Mandatory Continuing Legal Education Board of Vermont for 1.5 hour(s) of CLE credit. Please note: Attorneys may only claim 6 credits per compliance period in this format. This course is considered "Non-Moderated Programming without Interactivity".
     
  • WA CLE 1.5
     
  • This program has been approved by the Washington State Board of Continuing Legal Education for 1.5 hours of A/V credit under the Law & Legal Procedure category.
     
  • WI CLE 1.5
     
  • This program qualifies for 1.5 hour(s) of ondemand CLE through the WI Board of Bar Examiners.
     
  • WV MCLE 1.8
     
  • This program has been approved by the West Virginia State Bar MCLE Commission for 1.8 MCLE hours.
     
  • AK ENG 1.0
     
  • This Ondemand program is applicable for professional development hours through the Alaska State Board of Registration for Architects, Engineers and Land Surveyors. Professional development hours: 1.0. *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • AL ENG
     
  • This Ondemand program is applicable for professional development hours through the Alabama Board of Licensure for Professional Engineers and Professional Land Surveyors.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • AR ENG
     
  • This Ondemand program is applicable for 1.4 professional development hours.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • FL ENG 1.7
     
  • This course has been approved for 1.7 PDHs by the Florida Board of Professional Engineers in the Areas of Practice.
     
  • GA ENG
     
  • This Ondemand program is applicable through the Georgia State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers.for 1.4 professional development hours.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • IA ENG
     
  • This Ondemand program is applicable for professional development hours for engineers. Please refer to Chapter 3, 193C IAC.*
     
  • ID ENG 1.5
     
  • This Ondemand program is applicable for 1.5 professional development hours through the Idaho Board of Professional Engineers and Professional Land Surveyors.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • IL ENG 1.5
     
  • This program is applicable for 1.5 professional development hours through the Illinois Society for Professional Engineers.* *Please check the rules and regulations in your state for compliance.
     
  • IN ENG 1.7
     
  • This Ondemand program is applicable for 1.7 professional development hours through the Indiana State Board for Professional Engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • KS ENG 1.0
     
  • This program is applicable for 1.0 professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and regulations in your state for compliance.
     
  • KY ENG 1.4
     
  • This Ondemand program is applicable for 1.4 professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • LA ENG
     
  • The Louisiana Professional Engineering and Land Surveying Board (LAPELS) no longer approves providers or courses. Lorman Business Center, LLC. feels that this course is worth 1.5 PDH(s). According to LAPELS' rules, It will be the responsibility of the licensee to determine if a Course/Activity offered by an unapproved sponsor/provider is an Acceptable Activity.
     
  • MD ENG 1.0
     
  • Lorman Business Center, LLC. is a board approved sponsor with the Maryland Board of Professional Engineers. This course qualifies for 1.0 professional development hours.
     
  • ME ENG 1.0
     
  • This ondemand program is applicable for a maximum of 1.0 hours toward the annual PDH requirement. Please note: The State of Maine Professional Engineers Registration Board does not pre-approve courses for professional development credit.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • MN ENG 1.0
     
  • This course is applicable for a maximum of 1.0 hours toward the PDH requirement for engineers. Please note: The Minnesota State Board of Registration for Engineers has final authority on the acceptance of individual courses.
     
  • MO ENG 2.0
     
  • This ondemand course is applicable for 2.0 professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • MS ENG
     
  • This ondemand course is applicable for professional development hours through the Mississippi State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • MT ENG 1.0
     
  • This ondemand course is applicable for 1.0 professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • NC ENG 1.5
     
  • Lorman Business Center, Inc. is an approved sponsor of the North Carolina State Board of Examiners for Engineers and Surveyors. This course qualifies for 1.5 professional development hours for engineers.
     
  • ND ENG 1.5
     
  • Lorman Education Services is an approved provider through the North Dakota State Board of Registration for Engineers and Land Surveyors. This seminar qualifies for 1.5 of continuing professional competence for engineers.
     
  • NE ENG
     
  • This course is applicable for professional development hours for engineers if the course is continuing engineering education for you..* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • NH ENG 1.0
     
  • This course is applicable for 1.0 professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance. The New Hampshire Board of Engineers has final authority on granting approval.
     
  • NJ ENG 1.0
     
  • Lorman Business Center, LLC. is authorized as a provider to offer courses through the New Jersey Board of Professional Engineers. This course is applicable for 1.0 CPC credits for engineers. * *Please check the NJ State rules and requirements for compliance.
     
  • NM ENG 1.5
     
  • This course is applicable for 1.5 professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • NV ENG 1.0
     
  • This course is applicable for 1.0 professional development hours through the Nevada State Board of Engineering and Land Surveyors.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • OH ENG
     
  • This ondemand course is applicable for continuing education credit for engineers through the Ohio State Board of Licensure for Professional Engineers provided it is a relevant managerial, ethical or technical topic relevant to the practice of engineering or surveying.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance
     
  • OK ENG
     
  • This course is applicable for professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • OR ENG
     
  • This course is applicable toward engineering continuing education hours in Oregon, please refer to your rules and laws.
     
  • PA ENG 1.7
     
  • This program is applicable for 1.7 PDHs for engineers through the Pennsylvania State Board of Professional Engineers, Land Surveyors and Geologists.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • SC ENG 1.0
     
  • This course is applicable for 1.0 hours toward the PDH requirement for engineers through the South Carolina Board of Registration for Professional Engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • SD ENG
     
  • This course is applicable for professional development hours for engineers in South Dakota.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • TN ENG
     
  • This course is applicable for professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • TX ENG
     
  • This Ondemand course is applicable for professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • UT ENG
     
  • This course is applicable for professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • VA ENG 1.5
     
  • This program is applicable for 1.5 hours of continuing education through the Board for Architects, Professional Engineers, Land Surveyors, Certified Interior Designers and Landscape Architects (APELSCIDLA BOARD).* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • VT ENG
     
  • This course is applicable for professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • WI ENG 1.5
     
  • This course is applicable for a maximum of 1.5 hours toward the PDH requirement for engineers.* *The Wisconsin Engineer Section has final authority on the acceptance of individual courses and providers.
     
  • WV ENG 1.0
     
  • This course is applicable for 1.0 professional development hours for engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     
  • WY ENG 1.7
     
  • This course is applicable for 1.7 professional development hours for Wyoming engineers.* *Please check the rules and requirements in your state for compliance.
     

To earn each credit Lorman offers through the OnDemand learning platform, you need to watch 100% of the program. Also, for certain credits you will need to fulfill additional requirements which will be displayed on the "credits" tab when viewing the course.

  • Those applying for AIA and HRCI must view 100% of the program and answer the questions following the program.

This program does NOT qualify, nor meet the National Standard for NASBA accreditation.

MP3 Download

  • Arizona CLE 1.5
     
  • CA MCLE 1.5
     
  • CT CLE 1.0
     
  • HI CLE 1.25
     
  • NJ CLE 1.8
     
  • VT CLE 1.5
     
  • WA CLE 1.5
     
  • WV MCLE 1.8
     
The CLE Code is ONLY a requirement when applying for CLE Credit in California (for participatory credit), Kansas, New Jersey or New York. Other states do not need to supply the CLE Code to apply for CLE credit.

This program does NOT qualify, nor meet the National Standard for NASBA accreditation.

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Why Lorman?

Over 34 years and 1.4 million customers worth of experience providing continuing education. Our passion is providing you world-class training to help you succeed in business and as a professional.

Faculty

Scott D. Cahalan

Scott D. Cahalan

Smith, Gambrell & Russell, LLP

  • Partner in the Construction Law and Litigation Section of Smith, Gambrell & Russell, LLP, an AmLaw 200 firm
  • Adjunct professor of design and construction law at the Georgia Institute of Technology
  • General counsel to the Georgia Utility Contractor’s Association
  • Recognized by Chambers USA, America’s Best Lawyers, and Georgia Super Lawyers for construction law in the State of Georgia
  • Drafter of the Associated Owners and Developers’ standard form construction contracts
  • Special assistant attorney general for the State of Georgia
  • Frequent author and lecturer on construction law
  • Member of the State Bar of Georgia, Northern District of Georgia, and 11th Circuit Court of Appeals
  • J.D. degree, with honors, University of Georgia; B.S. degree in construction engineering, Iowa State University
  • Can be contacted at 404-815-3711, [email protected] or [email protected]
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Why Lorman?

Over 34 years and 1.4 million customers worth of experience providing continuing education. Our passion is providing you world-class training to help you succeed in business and as a professional.

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Product ID: 408336
Published 2021
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