Zoning resolutions have come a long way.
In 1916, New York City adopted the first comprehensive zoning resolution in the United States and other municipalities followed suit. However, the zoning did not include the concept of floor area, which is the basis of development rights transactions as we know them today. This white paper reviews the basic structure of zoning.
James P. Power
Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP
- Partner at Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP, which has the largest land use practice in NYC
- Practice involves representing private developers and cultural, educational and health care institutions with respect to New York City real estate development issues; in that capacity, he advises clients on municipal law issues, the development potential of sites, and the land use and environmental review processes and practices before various New York City land use agencies
- He also advises on inclusionary housing and 421-a benefits issues
- Recent projects include advising the development of a new primarily residential tower that would rise 1,066 feet in height and be the tallest building in Brooklyn; representation of a major New York City developer in obtaining a text amendment and City Planning Commission special permits for a new residential development in the West Clinton area; representation of a prominent design-build developer in obtaining a variance for a new residential project at a prominent site in Tribeca; and represented a major hotel investment firm on a series of development projects involving complex site assemblages and in the midst of regulatory changes
- Jim has lectured on land use and zoning at education programs sponsored by continuing legal educational organizations such as Lorman Education Services, and professional and industry groups such as the Appraisal Institute
- Has published and quoted on a range of land use topics, including COVID-19-related impacts on land use, residential conversions, air rights transactions, the Mandatory Inclusionary Housing and 421-a tax abatement programs, the floor area bonus structure in the Special West Chelsea District, and the recent restrictions on hotel use in M1 manufacturing districts; articles and quotes have been published in the New York Law Journal, Real Estate Weekly, the Commercial Observer, Law360 and New York Construction Magazine (quoted as “industry leader”)
- J.D. degree, New York University School of Law; B.A. degree, Williams College
- Can be contacted at 212-715-7839 or [email protected]
Eugene C. Travers
Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP
- Senior associate with Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP
- Practice involves representing developers, lenders, not-for-profit institutions and other entities in land use, zoning, and historic preservation law matters
- Negotiates complex zoning lot mergers and transfers of development rights, conducts zoning due diligence and analyzes development potential, and seeks discretionary land use approvals
- Recent projects include: Representation of a cultural institution in securing zoning variances to facilitate the development of a $20 million education center to complement its existing museum
- Represented a major developer in its assemblage of multiple development rights parcels in connection with a proposed 400,000 square-foot luxury residential tower in Manhattan’s Financial District
- Thomson Reuters New York Super Lawyers, Rising Star (2015-2018)
- Can be contacted at [email protected] or 212-715-9496
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