• 9 minutes

Drafting Sign Regulation Ordinances - a Municipal Perspective


Regulations regarding commercial and noncommercial speech have their own set of restrictions.

When is speech commercial? Speech done for the intent to make a profit or is economically motivated is considered commercial speech. Commercial speech is less protected than non-commercial speech. Non-commercial speech has content-neutral regulations which puts non-commercial speech subject to intermediate scrutiny; requires speech to serve a significant government interest and leave open alternative forms of communication; and requires “alternative forms of communication” which can come in many different forms and media. This video reviews regulating both commercial and non-commercial speech, and drafting municipal ordinances.

Runtime: 9 minutes



Richard P. Cushing

Richard P. Cushing

Gebhardt & Kiefer, P.C.

  • Partner in the law offices of Gebhardt & Kiefer, P.C.
  • Practices primarily in the area of government law, personal injury matters and insurance defense
  • Currently is the municipal attorney for six municipalities and is co-municipal attorney in two others
  • A municipal attorney for more than 30 years and has been regularly asked to represent municipalities in suits against them involving police, excessive force, discrimination, prerogative writs, sewer and water matters, discrimination claims, constitutional claims and RLUIPA claims
  • General Counsel for the Statewide Insurance Fund, a joint insurance fund which insures over 80 New Jersey municipalities and other public entities
  • Author of a number of publications relating to municipal law
  • J.D. degree, cum laude, Seton Hall University School of Law; B.A. degree, Boston College and Upsala College
  • Can be contacted at [email protected] or 908-735-5161
Katharine A. Coffey

Katharine A. Coffey

Day Pitney LLP

  • Partner in the New Jersey office of Day Pitney LLP
  • Practice emphasizes all aspects of commercial and multi-family development and redevelopment, including land use and zoning, rezoning, affordable housing, redevelopment law, financial incentives and real estate transactions
  • Conducts regular seminars and workshops on numerous redevelopment, landlord-tenant law and other real estate topics
  • Author of several publications on variances, fraud claims on property sales, Permit Extension Act and other real estate topics
  • J.D. degree, Emory University School of Law; B.A. degree, Washington & Lee University, cum laude
  • Member of Morris County Bar Association, Land Use Committee, Co-chair; New Jersey Women Lawyers Association, 2010-Present
  • Can be contacted at (973) 966-8323 or [email protected]

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